Ukulele tunings are identified starting with the top string (the fourth string), which is nearest your head. The groups of letters included in a particular ukulele tuning indicate the pitch to which each string is tuned.
The Different Types Of Ukulele Tunings
Standard Ukulele Tuning
The standard and the most common uke tuning is gCEA. Note, that the top G string is actually higher than the C string below it. This is known as re-entrant tuning, or also “High G on top.” or just High G tuning. It’s also known as GCEA ukulele tuning and Standard C tuning. Many players who came to the ukulele from the guitar prefer Low G tuning, however.
Low G Tuning
For fuller and deeper sound of your ukulele. In Low G tuning, all of the strings stay tuned the same except the top g-string is tuned down an octave. However, if you want to tune your ukulele to low G tuning, you need a special low G string set for your ukulele.
The standard tuning of the baritone ukulele is non-reentrant. It has the tuning of D3-G3-B3-E4. Baritone ukulele is, in fact, tuned the same as the four highest guitar strings. The result is a nice and deep sound. The problem, however, is that the sound is not going to be as crisp and as bright as some of the other ukulele tunings. The baritone can be alternatively re-entrant tuned to G-C-E-A.
High D Baritone Uke Tuning
The standard tuning of the baritone ukulele is non-reentrant. or to D-G-B-E, The baritone can be alternatively tuned with the D string an octave higher than non-re-entrant tuning. High-D baritone ukulele requires a different D-string.
English Uke Tuning
English tuning is good for soprano ukuleles or banjoleles. Many musicians find this tuning to be sweeter in tone. English tuning is also known as a “D” tuning, and has the same amount of intervals as standard ukulele tuning but every string is tuned up a whole step higher. Please note that if you want to tune your ukulele to English tuning, you need a special English tuning string set.
Canadian Uke Tuning
Canadian tuning is almost identical to English A4–D4–F♯4–B4 tuning except you tune the top A string down an octave. This tuning is popular for concert and tenor ukuleles.